System requirements.
     Personal Computer: Windows 98, ME, XP, or later; NT 4.0, 2000, or later.
     Macintosh: Mac OS 9.1 or later; OS X versions 10.1 or later.

   Launch the movie. The program plays from the CD-ROM or the computer hard drive. If you choose the hard drive, drag the entire folder to it, not just some of the folder's contents. Open the folder for your PC or Mac and double-click the icon labeled "Growth.exe" in Windows or "Growth of a Nation" for the Mac. Enter your last name, first name, and your launch code ( a seven letter word) in the grey launch window and click the "Submit" button. If both your name and the code are correct, the window will disappear and the movie will be enabled.
    To fill the screen completely as with a video, select Full Screen under View at the top of the screen. Click Command-F (or Ctrl-F in Windows) to return to the desktop. Use the three buttons in the movie header to control REWIND, PAUSE, and PLAY. (Do not use the Flash Player controls under Control.)


   Enhanced Features. The enhanced Growth of a Nation offers three information layers including the original US History available on the web site. Select the Timeline, Population, or US History layer by clicking the Navigation Menu in the upper left corner of any layers.
Timeline: displays cultural, scientific and historical events.
Population: displays US population over time and migration movements.
US History: displays US geographic history.
All three layers share the same timeline. If you move to another layer, the timeline remains at the same date as in the old layer. Thus you can examine the geography and history on a certain date from three different vantage points. Click objects in any layer to get additional information. Click the HELP button on the first frame of US History to view a browser version of these instructions.


   US History. This is the default layer when the program is first opened. Click PLAY to view a 10 minute film of the United States geographic history from 1789 to the present. Instructions are on the first frame. The film has narration, so turn up the sound.
   Timeline Pointer and Events. The timeline pointer moves along the timeline as the movie progresses and the events change for successive periods. To select a period, drag the pointer to the date and release. Fine tune with the pointer to find the event wanted, e.g., Louisiana Territory. Click PLAY to play from that event.
   Compressed Period. The timeline is compressed for the years 1912 to 2000, since the only geographic events in this period are the admission of Hawaii and Alaska.

   Geographic Elements. Click on rivers, lakes, and territories to show their names. Roll over states to show their names, and click to open more detailed information.


Population. Select the Population layer to display population information on the geography background of the US History layer. The disposition of US citizens and native people can be viewed in any year.
    The movie will PLAY the entire history (without narration) in one minute on a super fast computer. On a slower computer the simulation will slow appreciably. The population layer, in contrast to the US History layer, is an exact simulation of history.
    Population density (light tan) and the percentage of slaves (red) change over time. Cities are represented by thin orange cylinders. Click PAUSE and roll over a city to show the city's name; click it to show the population in that decade. Native American nations are shown in yellow text. They transform into reservations; click a reservation for detailed information.
    Orange arrows indicate major migrations. Roll over an arrow for a brief description. Click the arrow to play a narrated movie. Click the CLOSE button in upper left corner to close the narrated window.

Settings Panel. On the bottom left of the population layer is a "Settings" tab: click it to expand the Settings Panel. It provides a palette of data types for display. Change settings at any time; they remain in effect throughout the session.
   Key tabs. Click one of these tabs to open a scale of the data for that option. Click "i" for further information on how the data can be interpreted.
   Data types. These are the kinds of data that can be displayed. Select the desired data by clicking the square button just to the right of the name.

  Narration Button: Plays the eight movies on migration in chronological order. Normally off.
  Arrows Button: Displays large orange arrows to indicate major migrations. Roll over an arrow for a brief description and click invoke the appropriate narrated movie.
  Population Button: Displays population density by counties. The key shows the levels graphed. Population data changes every decade when the US census is taken.
  Cities Button: Displays the important cities in each decade. They grow over the course of this history. Roll over a city to see it's name; when the name is up, click for the current decade's population.
  New cities Button: Displays the names of new cities added at the beginning of each decade, when they have over 10,000 inhabitants. Normally off.
  Slavery Button: Displays slavery in red from 1790 to 1860. Click the key to gauge the percentage of the population held in slavery.
  Native Americans Button: Native American nations are indicated by tribal names. Roll over the tribe's name to bring up its original range. Click it for information on that tribe. Eventually the name transforms into one or more reservations. Roll over a reservation to show all the reservations that the dominant tribe occupies; hold button down to display a table with information on the reservations. Drag out (hold button down and move it) to see tribal information.
  Default Button: Selects the data types which come up when the movie begins.
  All off Button: Turns all data off, leaving only the background to change over time.
  Help Button: Displays help specific to the settings panel.

Narration movies. Eight narrated movies illustrate the major migrations before 1850. They are accessible in three ways.
   1) Large orange arrows appear in the course of the history. Each represents a major migration. Click the arrow for the appropriate narrated movie. (The Arrows button must be on for this option.)
   2) To play all the movies in order, turn the Narration button on, REWIND to the beginning and click PLAY. The simulation will play; as each orange arrow appears, the movie for it plays automatically, thus relating the early history of the United States in terms of people and their movements. (After the last movie, Narration is turned off.)
    A warning light shows to the right of the top header when narration is on. Narration should be off normally, as it may causes erratic behavior when the pointer is moved.
   3) As a third method, click the Narration Movies tab to bring up a list of the eight movies. Click the arrow just right of the movie name to go to the appropriate period and play just that movie.

Map insignia. This glyph is found at the lower right corner of the population layer. It displays the year, the total population in that decade, and (for dates prior to 1865) the number of slaves.
  Urban/rural clock. Located at the top of the map insignia is an "urban/rural clock" indicating the percentage of people in urban areas (yellow) versus the percentage in rural areas (green). A faint number on the face of the clock indicates the approximate percentage of urbanites for that decade.
Year buttons. Click one of the two triangular "year buttons" to go forward or backward by increments of one year. This is useful in the period from 1910 to 2000, which is compressed to match the original "Growth of a Nation." However, as stated above, the population data only changes at the beginning of each decade.
Borders and Names buttons. For two quick settings, click the "B" ( borders button) to see a faint grid of the final states, which is useful over early virgin land or territories. Click the "N" (names button) to enable names of states or territories to appear when rolled over.


Timeline. Displays cultural, scientific and historical events on a series of horizontal color bars. The categories from top to bottom include culture, science, world, native, society, president, territories, and states. Use the Timeline layer to determine the major historical events which occurred in the periods covered geographically by the other two layers.
    Two timelines. The timeline common to all three layers is at the bottom of the screen. Select a date by moving the red pointer to any decade from 1780 to 2010, as with the other layers. An expanded timeline is just above. It moves along with the content to indicate the years of each decade. The expanded timeline pointer in the middle indicates the exact year. At each end of the expanded timeline are translucent arrow heads. Click one to go two years in that direction. (To look at 1770-1780, use the "backward" arrow head.)
   Articles. Click on the small gray squares just before the dates of each president's term (or the president's image) to bring up a short article on that president. Click anywhere else to close it. The orange Society bar just above the Presidents, has articles on domestic or social events in American history. The yellow Native bar has articles on Native American historical events.


Quick look. The population layer is rich with most complex information. Here are some step-by-step guides to quickly look at certain features, starting from the initial screen.
   Simulation of U.S. history. To view an exact simulation of the geographic changes in U.S. history:
    1) On the opening screen with the Introduction, click Population in the Navigation Menu.
    2) Click Settings to expand the Settings Panel.
    3) Click All off to show only the background states and territorities.
    4) Click Settings to contract the Settings Panel.
    5) Click PLAY in the top header to play the simulation without sound.
    6) To see the names of geographic features like states or territories (rivers and lakes are always on), click N on the Map Insignia. Click PAUSE and roll over a state for its name, or click a territory for its name.
    7) The simulation will play faster if the movie window is smaller.
    Go directly to a narration movie.
    1) Go to the Population layer, as in 1) above.
    2) Expand the Settings Panel.
    3) Click Narration Movies to expand a list of the available movies.
    4) Click the short arrow just right of a movie name, to go to that period and play the movie.
    5) After playing, click the Close button (upper left corner) to close the movie.
    Play all narration movies.
    1) Go to the Population layer.
    2) Expand the Settings Panel.
    3) Click Narration under the Data types to turn it on.
    4) Contract the Settings Panel.
    5) Click REWIND in the top header if not at the beginning.
    6) Click PLAY to play the seven movies in order, up to 1850. This will take about 10 minutes. After the last movie finishes, Narration is turned off.

   Population Layer.
   Pause doesn't work. Some frames take a while to render; during that time other instructions don't work. Hold the PAUSE button down until it changes, then then release.
   PLAYS very slowly. On older systems the amount of data displayed on the population layer can cause very slow playing. It can be speeded up by reducing the window size, or by reducing the QUALITY which is under VIEW in the Player menu.
   Help doesn't open. Help calls up a browser to display these instructions. Safari for the Mac does not seem to work. Open the browser you want, e.g. Explorer, and then click the "Help" button on the initial page of US History.
   Program doesn't open on another computer. Each time the program is launched on a different computer, the code is required. Thereafter it will open on that computer without the code.
   Problem running under Windows Vista. Close the program. Right-click the icon for the program, labelled "Growth" or "Growth.exe." Choose "Properties" from the context menu that opens. In the window that appears, choose "Compatibility." Check the checkbox for "Run this program in compatibility for:" and choose an earlier version of Windows, like Windows 2000. Click OK to save the changes. Now double click the icon to launch the program.
   Windows 7.
   Setting launch code and other problems. Due to increased security precautions, fire walls, etc., in Windows 7, the CD player may not work a a source. If there are problems, drag the "Growth-PC" folder to the hard drive and double click the program icon (exe. file) within it to launch the program.

Go to for the latest material supporting this application, including these instructions, upgrades, recent FAQs, etc. You can also go to this material by clicking "Enhanced Support" in the buttons bar at the top of the Animated Atlas home page at