ANIMATED ATLAS
AMERICAN HISTORY TIMELINE
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1780 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
          War of 1812   Mexican War   Civil War   Spanish-American   War   World War  One   World  War Two   Korean War   Vietam War     Gulf W a r   W ar on Terror  
             - 1783 -
Peace Treaty ends
Revolutionary War
      - 1788 -
   Constitution
       ratified
    - 1791 -
    Vermont
    admitted
- 1792 -
Kentucky
admitted
              - 1796 -
            Tennessee
             admitted
   - 1803 -
     Ohio
  admitted
   - 1812 -
  Lousiana
  admitted
     - 1814 -
  Treaty of
    Ghent
- 1816 -
Indiana
admitted
   - 1817 -
Mississippi
  admitted
- 1818 -
  Illinois
admitted
- 1819 -
Alabama
admitted
- 1820 -
  Maine
admitted
- 1821 -
Missouri
admitted
      - 1836 -
Arkansas
admitted
  - 1837 -
Michigan
admitted
    - 1845 -
  Florida
admitted
  - 1845 -
   Texas
admitted
  - 1846 -
   Iowa
admitted
  - 1848 -
Wisconsin
  admitted
  - 1850 -
California
admitted
     - 1858 -
Minnesota
  admitted
  - 1859 -
  Oregon
  admitted
- 1861 -
  Kansas
admitted
- 1861 - 1865 -
CONFEDERACY
     - 1863 -
West Virginia
    admitted
- 1864 -
Nevada
admitted
- 1867 -
Nebraska
admitted
  - 1876 -
Colorado
admitted
  - 1889 -
North Dakota
admitted
- 1889 -
South Dakota
admitted
- 1889 -
Montana
admitted
- 1889 -
Washington
admitted
- 1890 -
Idaho
admitted
- 1890 -
Wyoming
admitted
  - 1896 -
Utah
admitted
  - 1907 -
Oklahoma
admitted
  - 1912 -
New Mexico
admitted
- 1912 -
Arizona
admitted
  - April 6, 1917 -
U.S. declares war
against Germany
  - December 8, 1941 -
U.S. declares war
against Japan
  - 1959 -
Alaska
admitted
- 1959 -
Hawaii
admitted
     
                          - 1783 -
            Britain cedes all lands
           west to Mississippi River
  - 1787 -
Northwest
Ordinance
                 - 1790 -
Seat of government moves
from NYC to Philadelphia
                      - 1800 -
Seat of government moves from
Philadelphia to Washington, DC
     - 1803 -
   Lousiana
   Purchase
   - 1804 - 1806 -
Lewis and Clarke
     Expedition
    Louisiana Territory
        reorganized as
    Missouri Territory
   - 1818 -
Treaty with Britain
sets 49th parallel
        - 1819 -
Treaty with Spain
  sets boundaries
   - 1820 -
   Missouri
Compromise
  - 1822 -
  Florida
Territory
            - 1822 -
Stephen Austin founds
    colony in Texas
        - 1834 -
  Indian Territory
       founded
   - 1836 -
     Texas
Revolution
      - 1838 -
Iowa Territory
    organized
- 1840 - 1860 -
     Oregon
      Trail
                      - 1846 -
Oregon boundary with Canada
  established at 49th parallel
- 1848 -
Mexican
Cession
           - 1850 -
Utah and New Mexico
         Territories
  - 1853 -
Gadsden
Purchase
           - 1854-
Nebraska and Kansas
         Territories
             - 1857-
       Kansas ratifies
anti-slavery constitution
             - 1861 - 1868-
Western territories reorganized
     by Republican Congresses
- 1867 -
Alaska
Purchased
- 1867 -
Midway
annexed
  - 1878 -
U.S.-Samoa treaty makes
Pago Pago a navy coaling station
  - 1884 -
Alaska Territory
organized
  - 1890 -
Oklahoma Territory
organized
  - 1898 -
Hawaii
annexed
- 1899 -
Guam, Phillipines,
Puerto Rico annexed
- 1900 -
American Samoa
annexed
- 1903 -
U.S. behind "uprising" separating Panama
from Colombia; Panama leases canal zone to U.S.
  - 1914 -
Panama Canal
completed
- 1917 -
Virgin Islands
annexed
    - 1933 -
TVA develops resources
of Tennessee River
  - 1946-
Phillipines given
independence
- 1947 -
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands,
captured from Japan, administered by U.S.
- 1950-
Guam Territory
organized
  - 1999-
Panama Canal
transferred to Panama
     
         1789 - 1797
  George Washington
     Federalist from
           Virginia
1797 - 1801
John Adams
Federalist from
Massachusetts

      1801 - 1809
  Thomas Jefferson
  Republican from
        Virginia

    1809 - 1817
  James Madison
  Republican from
        Virginia

      1817 - 1825
   James Monroe
  Republican from
         Virginia

1825 - 1829
John Quincy Adams
Republican from
Massachusetts

    1829 - 1837
  Andrew Jackson
  Democrat from
      Tennessee

1837 - 1841
Martin Van Buren
Democrat from
New York

    1841
Wm. Harrison Whig-IN
          1841 - 1845
John Tyler Whig-VA
1845 - 1849
James Polk
Democrat from
Tennessee

    1849 - 1850
Zachary Taylor Whig-LA
                 1850 - 1853
Millard Fillmore Whig
1853 - 1857
Franklin Pierce
Democrat from
New Hampshire

1857 - 1861
James Buchanan
Democrat from
Pennsylvania

1861 - 1865
Abraham Lincoln
Republican from
Illinois

   1865
Abrahan Lincoln Repub.
            1865 - 1869
Andrew Johnson Democrat
    1869 - 1877
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Republican from
         Ohio

1877 - 1881
Rutherford Hayes
Republican from
Ohio

    1881
James Garfield Repub.
            1881 - 1885
Chester Arthur Repub.
1885 - 1889
Grover Cleveland
Democrat from
New York

1889 - 1893
Benjamin Harrison
Republican from
Ohio

1893 - 1897
Grover Cleveland
Democrat from
New York

1897 - 1901
William McKinley
Republican from
Ohio

    1901
William McKinley Repub.
            1901 - 1905
Theodore Roosevelt Repub.
1905 - 1909
Theodore Roosevelt
Republican from
New York

1909 - 1913
William H. Taft
Republican from
Ohio

       1913 - 1921
  Woodrow Wilson
   Democrat from
     New Jersey

    1921 - 1923
Warren Harding Repub.
                1923 - 1925
Calvin Coolidge Repub.
1925 - 1929
Calvin Coolidge
Republican from
Massachusetts

1929 - 1933
Herbert Hoover
Republican from
Iowa

              1933 - 1945
  Franklin Delano Roosevelt
         Democrat from
              New York

    1945
Franklin Roosevelt Democ.
            1945 - 1949
Harry Truman Democ.
1949 - 1953
Harry S. Truman
Democrat from
Missouri

           1953 - 1961
  Dwight D. Eisenhower
       Republican from
              Kansas

    1961 - 1963
John Kennedy Democ.-MA
                1963 - 1965
Lyndon Johnson Democ.-TX
1965 - 1969
Lyndon Johnson
Democrat from
Texas

1969 - 1973
Richard Nixon
Republican from
California

    1973 - 1974
Richard Nixon Repub.-CA
                1974 - 1977
Gerald Ford Repub.-MI
1977 - 1981
Jimmy Carter
Democrat from
Georgia

     1981 - 1989
  Ronald Reagan
  Republican from
       California

1989 - 1993
George Bush
Republican from
Texas

     1993 - 2001
  William J. Clinton
  Democrat from
       Arkansas

2001 - 2009
George W. Bush
Republican from
Texas

  2009 - 2017
Barack Obama
Democrat from
Illinois

 
    80,000 Loyalists
    emigrate north
       to Canada
- 1787 -
Constitutional
Convention
- 1789 -
Bill of Rights
adopted
               - 1792 -
First U.S. Trade Union
       of shoemakers
      - 1793 -
Fugitive Slave
         Act
         - 1798 -
Alien and Sedition
             Act
- 1800 -
Jefferson's election begins
Virginia Dynasty
                      - 1808 -
Congress prohibits importing
           of African slaves
         - 1820 -
Fed offers land
at $1.25 an acre
   - 1821 -
   Missouri
Compromise
- 1823 -
Monroe
Doctrine
           - 1829 -
Jackson introduces
   spoils system
- 1830 -
  Joseph Smith founds Church of
Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon)
               - 1842 -
  10-hour day for children
under 12 in Massachusetts
           - 1846 - 1847 -
Mormon trek from Navoo
     to Salt Lake City
         - 1848 -
  Gold discovered
    in California
             - 1854 -
Republican Party formed
  for abolition of slavery
  - 1857 -
Dred Scott
  decision
  - 1863 -
Lincoln issues Emancipation
Proclamation
, freeing slaves
- 1865 -
Lincoln
assassinated
- 1868 -
8-hour day for
federal employees
- 1865 - 1877 -
Reconstruction
in old South
- 1876 -
National League
founded (baseball)
- 1879 -
Women lawyers permitted to
argue cases before Supreme Court
- 1883 -
Civil Service
established
- 1886 -
Haymarket Square labor riot
in Chicago kills eleven people
- 1890 -
AFL founded
by S Gompers
- 1890 -
Sherman
Antitrust Act
- 1892 -
Strike at Carnegie Steel
results in ten deaths
- 1896 -
Supreme Court rules
"separate but equal" legal
- 1901 -
Pres. McKinley
shot by anarchist
- 1902 -
Roosevelt begins
conservation of forests
- 1904 -
Roosevelt asserts U.S. right
to intervene in Latin America
- 1909 -
NAACP
in NYC
- 1910 -
Fundamentalism begins
with "Five Points"
- 1917 -
Selective Service Act
creates draft
- 1917 -
Blacks migrate
north and west
- 1920 -
18th Amendment
prohibits alcohol
- 1920 -
19th Amendment gives
women right to vote
- 1927 -
Lindbergh crosses
Atlantic non-stop
- 1929 -
Stock Market
crashes
  - 1933 -
Roosevelt begins
"New Deal"
- 1935 -
Social Security Act provides
retirement insurance
- December 7, 1941 -
Japan surprise attack
on Pearl Harbor
  - 1945 -
U.S. A-bombs
Japan
- 1947 -
Marshall
Plan
- 1948 - 1954 -
Communism
quashed in US
- 1955 -
Blacks boycott buses
in Montgomery
- 1955 -
Supreme Court orders
school desegregation
- 1955 -
AFL and
CIO merge
- 1961 -
Peace
Corps
- 1960-65 -
Civil Rights
movement
- 1963 -
Kennedy
assassinated
- 1965-70 -
Demonstrations
against Vietnam War
- 1966-69 -
Hippie
movement
- 1973 -
War Powers
Act
- 1973-74 -
Nixon resigns
over Watergate
- 1970s -
Sixties energy wins specific
battles: feminism, ecology...
- 1978 -
Jerry Falwell founds
the Moral Majority
- 1983 -
Reagan proposes Star Wars
and increases military funding
- 1980s -
"War on Drugs" jails
1/5 of young black men
- 1991 -
Gulf War is first U.S.
reduction of a regional power
- 1996 -
Welfare
reform
- 1997 -
Robust economy creates
longest prosperity in U.S. history
- 1999 -
Budget goes
into surplus
- 2001 -
9/11 terror attack
alerts America
- 2000s -
US nuclear superiority,
conventional inadequacy
- 2008-2009 -
Global financial crisis
and recession
- 2010 -
Affordable Care Act
expands health care
- 2003 - 2013 -
Wealth inequality doubles
 
  - 1776 - 1783 -
Many Native Americans side with
British against American colonists
           - 1804 - 1806 -
  Lewis and Clark expedition
encounters Native Americans
                              - 1811 -
Native Americans defeated in Battle
  of Tippecanoe in Indiana Territory
                   - 1814 -
    Andrew Jackson crushes
   Creek Resistance in South
- 1817 - 1818 -
First Seminole
       War
                       - 1830 -
       Indian Removal Act moves
eastern Indians west of Mississippi
         - 1835 -
Second Seminole
  War in Florida
         - 1838 -
     Cherokee
"Trail of Tears"
          - 1847 -
     Mormons
and the Indians
            - 1850 - 1870 -
    Plains Indians cede land
in exchange for reservations
                     - 1854 -
    Upper half of Indian Territory
becomes part of Kansas Territory
                         - 1864 -
    Cheyenne and Arapaho families
massacred at Sand Creek, Colorado
  - 1864 - 1868 -
        Navajo
     Long Walk
          - 1869 - 1876 -
200 pitched battles between
  Indians and U.S. Calvary
  - 1874 - 1875 -
    Red River
         War
                       - 1876 -
Sioux and Cheyenne defeat Custer
  at Little Big Horn, Montanna
         - 1877 -
  Nez Perce leave
Idaho for Canada
      - 1878 - 1879 -
  Northern Cheyenne
escape Indian Territory
- 1886 -
Geronimo (Apache)
surrenders after 15 years
- 1887 -
Dawes Severality Act
creates allotment system
- 1889 -
Ghost
Dance
- 1890 -
Massacre at
Wounded Knee, SD
- 1892 -
Cherokee Outlet in Indian
Territory opened to settlement
  - 1901 -
Five Civilized Tribes
granted U.S. citizenship
  - 1907 -
Indian Territory becomes
eastern half of Oklahoma
  - 1924 -
Citizenship Act makes Indians citizens
without impairing status as tribal members
  - 1933 -
Bureau of Indian Affairs reformed;
sales of Indian lands halted
  - 1942 - 1945 -
Navaho
Windtalkers
  - 1954 - 1962 -
Congress terminates more than
60 tribes as political units
  - 1964 -
Civil Rights Act restores
tribal law to reservations
  - 1973 -
Members of AIM seize trading
post at Wounded Knee, S. Dak.
- 1978 -
American Indian Religious Freedom Act
makes native religious practices legal
  - 1988 -
Indian Gaming Regulatory Act
allows gambling on reservations
  - 1990s -
American Indians attempt
to collect trust fund revenues
  - 2004 -
National Museum of the American Indian
established on mall in Washington DC
  - 2012 -
70% of Native Americans
living in urban areas
 
                      - 1783 -
      William Pitt II becomes
English Prime Minister at 24
         - 1789 -
French Revolution
         begins
                         - 1793 -
      French King Louis XVI and
Queen Marie Antoinette executed
  - 1795 -
  French
Directory
      - 1799 -
      Napoleon
becomes Consul
        - 1804 -
        Napoleon
becomes Emperor
  - 1805 -
Nelson wins
at Trafalgar
    - 1808 -
   Napoleon
occupys Spain
          - 1810 -
Separatists movements
    in Latin America
       - 1812 -
Napoleon defeated
     in Russia
       - 1815 -
French Monarchy
  re-established
          - 1810 - 1824 -
Revolutions in Latin America
  lead to independent nations
     - 1821 -
    Mexican
Independence
                       - 1828 -
Greeks win War of Independence
          from Ottoman Empire
          - 1833 -
Santa Anna elected
President of Mexico
       - 1834 -
Slavery abolished
in British Empire
         - 1840-
Upper and lower
Canada united
                                  - 1848 -
February Revolution by French workers makes
Louis Napoleon III President of 2nd Republic
                   -1853 - 1856 -
  Crimean War between Turkey,
France & Britain against Russia
- 1861 -
Unification
of Italy
-1863 -
French troops occupy Mexico City
Maximilian of Austria proclaimed Emperor of Mexico
- 1867 -
Dominion of
Canada formed
- 1870 - 1871 -
Franco-Prussian War
unifies Germany
- 1871 -
Trade Unions
legalized in Britain
- 1875 -
Charles Stewart Parnell begins
movement for Irish independence
- 1884 - 1885 -
15 European nations partition
Africa for "spheres of influence"
  - 1893 -
France adds Laos to
"protectorate" of Indochina
- 1894 -
Dreyfus case
splits France
- 1898 - 1902 -
Cuba occupied by U.S.
and released
- 1904-05 -
Russia and
Japan at war
- 1905 -
mini-revolution
in Russia
- 1910 -
British Empire covers
1/5th of world land area
  - August 3, 1914 -
World War One begins:
Germany invades Belgium
- 1917 -
Russian revolutions:
communist U.S.S.R. formed
- 1919 -
Versailles
Peace Treaty
- 1919 -
League of
Nations
- 1923 -
Italy becomes
first fascist state
  - 1927 -
Civil war
in China
  - 1930 -
Worldwide
depression begins
- 1934 -
Adolf Hitler becomes
Fueher of Germany
- 1936-39 -
Spanish
Civil War
- September 1, 1939 -
World War Two begins:
Germany invades Poland
- 1944 -
Normandy
landings
- 1945 -
United Nations
formed
- 1947 -
British India becomes
Pakistan & India
- 1948 -
Israel
created
- 1948 -
NATO formed;
Cold War begins
- 1947 - 1977
British & French Empires
fracture into new 3rd world nations
- 1947 - 1990 -
U.S. contains spread
of communism
- 1962 -
Cuban
missile crisis
- 1964 -
Gulf of Tonkin
Incident
- 1967 -
Israeli
6-day war
- 1968 -
May Days
mini-revolution
- 1970 -
U.S. invades
Cambodia
  - 1975 -
South Vietnam surrenders
to North Vietnam
- 1979 -
Revolution in Iran;
Americans held hostage
- 1980 -
Solidarity
in Poland
- 1979 - 1988 -
Soviets lose war
in Afganistan
- 1985 - 1989 -
Gorbachev unravels
Soviet system
- 1989 - 1991-
U.S.S.R dissolves into
republics; Cold War over
- 1990 - 1993 -
South Africa accepts
racial equality
- 1992 -
NAFTA
formed
- 1992 - 1999 -
Yugoslavia breaks up;
Serbia contained
  - 2001 -
Taliban
removed
- 2003 - 2011 -
Iraq
War
- 2000s -
China emerges
as economic giant
  - 2010 -
Web social networking
facilitates revolution
- 2010 - 2013 -
'Arab Spring'
destabilizes Middle East
- 2014 -
Women subjugated
in most of world
 
              - 1784 -
Ben Franklin invents
  bifocal eyeglasses
           - 1786 -
First ice cream made
commercially in NYC
                             - 1793-
       Eli Whitney invents cotton gin;
revives dying slave economy of South
        - 1800 -
   Volta invents
electric battery
        - 1803 -
   Dalton devises
table of elements
                         - 1807 -
      Sir Humphry Davy discovers
the elements potassium and sodium
                      - 1811 -
   First steamboat to sail down
Mississippi reaches New Orleans
              - 1817 -
Construction begins on
Erie Canal in New York
                 - 1821 -
Michael Faraday discovers
  electromagnetic rotation
            - 1827 -
   Audubon publishes
    Birds of America
                       - 1832 -
      Samuel F.B. Morse designs
improved electromagnetic telegraph
             - 1839 -
Daguerre invents first
  form of photography
               - 1847 -
Sir James Simpson uses
chloroform for childbirth
     - 1851 -
  Singer patents
sewing machine
       - 1854 -
Smith & Wesson
invent revolver
- 1859 -
Charles Darwin
Origin of Species
- 1862 -
Foucault measures
speed of light
  - 1867 -
Alfred Nobel
patents dynamite
- 1869 -
Union Pacific
meets Central Pacific
- 1869 -
Suez Canal
opens
  - 1876 -
Alexander Graham Bell
patents the telephone
- 1879 -
Thomas Edison invents
incandescent light
- 1883 -
Maxim invents
machine gun
- 1885 -
Louis Pasteur administers
successful rabies vaccination
- 1888 -
Eastman's Kodak camera
begins amateur photography
- 1895 -
Wilhelm Rontgen
discovers x-rays
- 1899 -
Sigmund Freud
Interpretation of Dreams
- 1903 -
Wright Bros.
first airplane
- 1905-
Albert Einstein proposes
Special Theory of Relativity
- 1908 -
GE patents
electric toaster
- 1911 -
Robert A Millikan
measures electron's charge
- 1916-
Albert Einstein proposes
General Theory of Relativity
- 1918 -
Shapley determines sun
is part of Milky Way galaxy
- 1924 -
Schrodinger proposes
wave mechanics
- 1928 -
Heisenberg's
uncertainty principle
  - 1931 -
Lawrence invents
cyclotron
- 1934 -
Fermi creates
plutonium
- 1937 -
Dow Chemical
develops plastics
- 1940 -
Radar wins
Battle of Britian
- 1941 - 1945 -
Bletchley Park computers
sabotage German Enigma
- 1948 -
Bell Labs invent
transistor
- 1949 -
Kurchatov develops
first Soviet A-bomb
- 1951 -
Teller tests
H-bomb
- 1953 -
Watson & Crick
DNA=double helix
- 1954 -
U.S. Nautilus first
nuclear submarine
- 1957 -
Soviets launch Sputnik,
first artificial satellite
- 1960 -
Maiman makes
first laser
-1961-
First
ICBM
- 1961 - 1969 -
Kennedy launches Apollo
project; man lands on the moon
- 1970 -
EPA established to
enforce Clean Air Act
- 1971 -
Soviet Salyut 1
space station
- 1972-
DDT is
banned
- 1973-
Endangered
Species Act
- 1976-
Viking 1 & 2
land on Mars
- 1978-
personal
computer
- 1980s-
CD, VCR, & cable
become common
- 1987-
Ozone "hole" found
over Antartica
- 1991-
Japan is world's
largest automaker
- 1993-
Internet expands with
World Wide Web
- 1997-
NASA spacecraft
lands on Mars
- 1998-
International Space Station
begins construction
- 2000s -
Animals
cloned
- 2000s -
Increasing development
of solar energy sources
  - 2010 -
CERN scientists
trap anti-matter
- 2004 -
Drones fight
War on Terror
 
           - 1788 -
The Federalist
     published
           - 1789 -
Wm. Blake publishes
 Songs of Innocence
             - 1791 -
       Tom Paine
The Rights of Man
      - 1793 -
J.-L. David paints
The Dead Marat
       - 1798 -
Haydn composes
 The Creation
          - 1800 -
Library of Congress
         founded
                         - 1806 -
Noah Webster publishes Compendious
   Dictionary of the English Language
         - 1808 -
Beethoven composes
   Fifth Symphony
          - 1811 -
      Jane Austen
Sense and Sensibility
    - 1818 -
John Keats
Endymion
         - 1820 -
Percy Bysshe Shelly
Prometheus Unbound
                         - 1825 -
  Thomas Cole establishes Hudson
  River school of landscape painting
            - 1829 -
     Delacroix paints
Death of Sardanapalus
              - 1831 -
          Victor Hugo
Hunchback of Notre Dame
          - 1837 -
Charles Dickens
  Oliver Twist
                   - 1840 -
   Edgar Allen Poe: Tales of
the Grotesque and Arabesque
          - 1844 -
    Alexander Dumas
The Three Muskateers
                   - 1848 -
Karl Marx and Friedrick Engels
  publish Communist Manifesto
          - 1850 -
Nathanial Hawthorne
  The Scarlet Letter
   - 1851 -
   Melville
Moby Dick
- 1854 -
Thoreau
Walden
- 1855 -
Walt Whitman
Leaves of Grass
- 1863 -
Edouard Manet paints
Luncheon on the Grass
- 1865 -
Leo Tolstoy
War and Peace
- 1866-
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Crime and Punishment
- 1872 -
Lewis Carroll
Through the Looking Glass
- 1874 -
First impressionist
exhibit in Paris
- 1876 -
Richard Wagner
Ring of the Nibelung
- 1878 -
Gilbert and Sullivan
H.M.S Pinafore
- 1883 -
Fredrich Nietzche
Thus Spake Zarathustra
  - 1889 -
First U.S. film:
Fred Ott's Sneeze
  - 1895 -
H.G. Wells
The Time Machine
- 1896 -
Anton Chekhov
The Seagull
- 1904 -
Jack London
The Sea Wolf
- 1905 -
Matisse begins Fauves with
Woman With a Hat
- 1907 -
Picasso begins cubism with
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
- 1909 -
Ezra Pound
Personae
- 1915 -
D.W. Griffith directs
Birth of a Nation
- 1913 -
Igor Stravinsky's ballet
The Rite of Spring
- 1916 -
T. Tzara
DADA
- 1922 -
James Joyce
Ulysses
- 1922 -
T.S. Eliot
The Waste Land
- 1923 -
Arnold Schonberg
atonal Piano Suite
- 1925 -
S. Eisenstein
Potemkin
- 1924 - 1940 -
Int'l School
of surrealisn
- 1932 -
William Faulkner
Light in August
- 1935 -
Hitchcock
The 39 Steps
- 1940 -
Ernest Hemingway
For Whom the Bell Tolls
- 1943 -
Jean-Paul Sartre
Being and Nothingness
- 1945 -
Jazz (Bebop)
Charlie Parker
- 1945 -
Roberto Rosselini's
neorealist Open City
- 1949 -
Abstract-Expressionism
breaks out in NYC
- 1954 -
Television thrives;
radio switches to music
- 1957 -
Jack Kerouac
On the Road
- 1959 -
Jean-Luc Godard's
New Wave Breathless
- 1962 -
Pop
Art
- 1965 -
Bob Dylan
Like a Rolling Stone
- 1967 -
The Beatles
Sgt. Pepper
- 1968 -
Kubrick
2001
- 1973 -
Billy Friedkin
The Exorcist
- 1973 -
Solzhenitsyn
Gulag Archipelago
- 1974 -
Reiner Werner Fassbinder
Ali-- Fear Eats the Soul
- 1977 -
George Lucas
Star Wars
- 1978-84 -
Punk
Rock
- 1980s -
Hollywood remakes
B-movies and comix
- 1989-92 -
World cable markets deregulated;
Hollywood gains world film market
- 1984-? -
Rap
music
- 1993 -
Steven Spielberg
Schindler's List
- 1990s -
Book retail
chains abound
- 2003 -
Mathew Barney finishes
The Cremaster Cycle
- 2000s -
Internet and cellphones
revolutionize communication
  - 2010 -
David Fincher
The Social Network
- 2013 -
Alejandro Jodorowsky
The Dance of Reality