WORLD WAR ONE MAIN PAGE

Glossary

abdicate. To renounce a throne or high office.
alliance. An association to further certain common interests of the members.
Alsace-Lorraine. Two provinces between France and Germany, which fall under France or Germany according to the fortunes of war.
armistice (military). Temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement between warring opponents.
Bismarck, Otto von (1815-1898). Prussian political figure who oversaw the unification of Germany in the late 19th century.
blockade (military). The isolation of an enemy's ports by means of warships to prevent passage of persons or supplies.
Bolshevik (Russian). A member of the extreme wing of the Russian Social Democratic Party that seized power in Russian in 1917.
casualty. A military person lost through death, wounds, capture, or missing in action.
catalyst (chemistry). An agent that induces a reaction.
colony. A body of people in a territory with ties to a parental state.
communism. An ideology which advocates the holding of goods in common, available to all as needed. Originating in the French Revolution, communism was defined by Karl Marx and Frederic Engels in the 19th century, specifically in "The Communist Manifesto" (1848).
consolidate. To join together into one whole.
convoy. A group of ships organized for protection in movement.
Czar. The absolute ruler of Russia before the revolution of 1917. Derived from the Latin "Caesar."
demilitarize. To do away with the military organization and potential of.
expansionism. A policy of territorial expansion by a nation.
fascism. A political movement that exalts nation and race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader.
feint. A mock blow.
feudal. Related to the system of political organization prevailing in Europe from the 9th to the 15th centuries having as its basis the relation of lord to vassal.
Ferdinand, Archduke Francis. Heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne in the early 20th century.
front (military). A zone of conflict between armies.
German General Staff. Organization founded after the Napoleonic Wars of the early 1800s to plan and control Germany's overall military strategy.
Hapsburg Dynasty. The reigning German family in Austria from 1278 to 1918.
Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945). A corporal in World War I, Hitler rose to power in the 30s as the head of the Nazi Party in Germany, leading Germany into World War II.
imperialism. The policy of extending the power and dominion of a nation by direct territorial acquisition or indirect control of the political or economic life of other areas. Derived from "empire."
impetus. A driving force.
inequity. An instance of injustice or unfairness.
inveterate. Firmly established by long persistence.
Islamic Empire of the Arabs. The empire founded by Muhammad in the 700's. By the Middle Ages it extended from southern Spain in the west, along northern Africa, and through the Middle East. It was eventually superseded by the Turkish Ottoman Empire.
Kaiser. The Emperor of the German people from 1871 to 1918. Derived from the Latin "Caesar."
Lenin, Vladimir (1870-1924). Activist heir of Marx and founder of the USSR.
machination. A scheming or crafty action.
mandate. A commission granted by the League of Nations to a member nation for the establishment of a responsible government over a conquered territory.
mobilize (military). To assemble and make ready for war duty.
nationalism. A sense of national consciousness exalting one nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on its culture and interests as opposed to those of other nations.
neutral (diplomatic). Not aligned with a political or ideological grouping.
outflank (military). To get around the flank (side) of an opposing force.
Paris. Capital city of France since the Middle Ages; located on the Seine River.
parliamentary. Of or related to rule by a parliament or assembly as the supreme legislative body.
Pershing, John (1860-1948). General in charge of American troops in World War I.
precipitate. To bring about abruptly.
preponderance. A superiority in weight, power or importance.
pretext. A purpose or motive alleged in order to cloak the real intention.
principality. A domain ruled by a prince.
Prussia. Historical region of northern Germany bordering on the Baltic Sea, known for its severe, militaristic, and feudal character.
putsch (German). A secretly plotted and suddenly executed attempt to overthrow a government.
quell. To thoroughly overwhelm and reduce to submission.
reparation. Compensation payable by a defeated nation for damages sustained by another nation as a result of hostilities.
reserve (military). A military force withheld from action for later decisive use.
saber-rattler. One who ostentatiously displays military power.
Slavic. Related to the Slav peoples of eastern Europe and Russia.
socialism. Political theory advocating collective or governmental ownership of the means of production and distribution of goods.
stalemate. A deadlock. From chess, where it leads to a draw.
submarine (military). A warship designed for undersea operations.
theater (military). The entire land, sea, and air area that is or may become involved in war operations.
Trotsky, Leon (1879-1940). Russian communist leader associated with Lenin. After Lenin's death in 1924, Trotsky stood for world revolution while Stalin opted on a focus of the revolution on a single nation, the USSR and a full commitment to the "dictatorship of the proletariet."
Versailles. A suburb north of Paris containing the traditional palace of the royalty.
Wilhelm II (1859-1941). Emperor (Kaiser) of Germany and King of Prussia. (1888-1918).
Wilson, Woodrow (1856-1924). 28th President of the United States. (1913-1921)
window of opportunity. An interval of time during which an action can be successful. This use of the term "window" originated with the launch time of rockets or spacecraft.

WORLD WAR ONE MAIN PAGE